Singhala, M. and Brown, J. D.
Mirror-Brush Illusion: Creating phantom tactile percepts on intact limbs,”
IEEE Transactions on Haptics, doi: 10.1109/TOH.2023.3279012. (Abstract, Links)


Haptic illusions provide unique insights into how we model our bodies separate from our environment. Popular illusions like the rubber-hand illusion and mirror-box illusion have demonstrated that we can adapt the internal representations of our limbs in response to visuo-haptic conflicts. In this manuscript, we extend this knowledge by investigating to what extent, if any, we also augment our external representations of the environment and its action on our bodies in response to visuo-haptic conflicts. Utilizing a mirror and a robotic brushstroking platform, we create a novel illusory paradigm that presents a visuo-haptic conflict using congruent and incongruent tactile stimuli applied to participants’ fingers. Overall, we observed that participants perceived an illusory tactile sensation on their visually occluded finger when seeing a visual stimulus that was inconsistent with the actual tactile stimulus provided. We also found residual effects of the illusion after the conflict was removed. These findings highlight how our need to maintain a coherent internal representation of our body extends to our model of our environment.

  author={Singhala, Mohit and Brown, Jeremy D.},
  journal={IEEE Transactions on Haptics}, 
  title={Mirror-Brush Illusion: Creating phantom tactile percepts on intact limbs},